What Is Myopia?

Mr Glenn Carp – “Myopia is a condition whereby the refractive system of the eye is such that when the light is focused upon entering the eye it is focused to a point that meets in front of the retina and of course this creates a bit a blur for the patient. Ideal focusing point is for it to actually reach the retinal plane exactly. So in myopia we have a situation where either the eye is to long and therefore the light is focused in front of the retina or the corneal curvature in the front of the eye or lens is too curved and therefore the light is focused to a point in front of the retina once again.”

Myopia Explained Further…

In myopic patients, the eyeball is slightly longer and flatter than the lens requires. As a result, light entering a myopic eye converges just before the retina (where the image is formed) and the resulting vision is blurred and out of focus.

There are a number of forms of myopia, but amongst the most common are physiological myopia, pathological myopia and acquired myopia.

Physiological myopia is a simple physical mismatch between the length of the eyeball and the focusing power of the lens and cornea. It is by far the most common form of myopia. Physiological myopia will normally develop in children between the ages of five and ten and continue to worsen until the myopic eye stops growing.

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Pathological myopia is far less common and, whilst it begins as physiological myopia, it does not stabilise with age, and the eye continues to enlarge at an abnormal rate. Laser Eye Surgery can help in the treatment of pathological myopia, but it is a complex condition and one that is beyond the scope of this website. If however you should wish to discuss y our myopic condition we would be happy to arrange a consultation.

Acquired myopia occurs after infancy – often because of uncontrolled diabetes or certain forms of cataracts.

Mr Glenn Carp explains the definition of Myopia / short sightedness.

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What Is Myopia? [Video]