Cataracts is no longer an old age condition
Cataracts are the most common cause of blindness in the world and is expected to account for around 20 million cases of blindness by 2020.
Fortunately, cataracts are also a treatable condition. Cataract surgery is the most commonly performed surgical procedure in the world, with over 330,000 cases performed each year in England alone.
Here, we’re going to explore this a little further by looking into some of the signs and causes of cataracts and find out what you can do to prevent or treat them.
What is a cataract?
Throughout most of life, the eye’s lenses—the small transparent discs that focus light on the retina—usually look like clear glass. This allows light to pass through effectively and for you to focus on objects both far and near.
Cataracts is a condition in which the proteins in the lens begins to break down and become cloudy. The lens may also develop a brown or yellowish tint, changing how you see colours.
All of this limits your vision, in particular by reducing colour contrast and making it more difficult to see in low light conditions. If untreated and the condition progresses, it can eventually lead to blindness.
Cataracts typically appear in both eyes. However, they may not develop at the same time or to the same degree in each eye. It’s common to have one eye that’s worse than the other.
Many people discover they have cataracts because they have difficulty carrying out usual day-to-day activities such as reading or driving. But some cataracts are small and aside from their visual appearance on the eye, don’t have any effects on your vision.
As mentioned, most cataracts occur due to ageing. There are three main types of age-related cataracts: nuclear sclerotic, cortical, and posterior subcapsular.
However, the condition can also develop in children. Four of the main types of cataracts are congenital cataracts, secondary cataracts, traumatic cataracts, and radiation cataracts.
Don’t let cataracts ruin your sight
If a cataract is affecting your day-to-day activities, it is the first sign you may need to take steps to improve your vision.
Unlike many other clinics, London Vision Clinic cataract patients have full access to their surgeon. You will meet your surgeon before the treatment to discuss the best plan for you and any concerns you may have. The whole experience is highly personalised and designed to ensure you achieve the best outcome possible.
Find out more about cataract surgery or book your consultation today by getting in touch with one of our friendly clinic coordinators.